Monthly Archives: February 2011

On guns and military funerals

Rifle volleys fired during Reyes' funeral. Photo by GMA 7

I have read several articles Philstar, ABS-CBN, Inquirer, …  that says Former AFP Chief Angelo T. Reyes funeral was given 19 or 21 gun salute- this is a wrong term.

Based on research, a “21 gun salute”  is a number of rounds fired using a canon.  It  is fired in honor of the day of the funeral only for Heads of State. The cannons fire blank charges 21 times, thus it is called 21- Gun Salute.


Gun Salute is just a term, ironically, they use canons with blank charges to fire 21 times..

In military funerals, one often sees three volleys of shots fired in honor of the deceased veteran. This is often mistaken by the laymen as a 21-gun salute, although it is entirely different. It is called a Volley-Salute.

A Volley Salute is a ceremonial act performed at military or police funerals.  It consists of a rifle party firing blank cartridges into the air.

Ruffles and Flourishes are used to render personal honors.  Drums play the ruffles, and bugles play the flourishes – one flourish for each star of the flag officer’s rank or as appropriate for the honoree’s position or title. Four flourishes is the highest honor.

* Note: Another mistake that I have noticed being used by the media is the term “Mistah.”

Mistah is only used if the military officials were CLASSMATES during their Philippine Military Academy years.

Cavalier is  used by PMAers because they went to the same military school. In laymen’s term it is known as schoolmate.


Could have….

Former Armed Forces chief and defense secretary Angelo Reyes suicide  did not bring justice to his background as a military person and statesman. After blow by blow corruption allegations, he could have just taken it like a man. He could have just repented.  He could have just showed all his cards on the table.   He could have redeemed himself by not protecting the ones he protected before. He could have just been honest in the Senate and brought everyone down with him- no one is a saint in politics and the military anyway. He could have been a whistleblower as well. He could have just read the bible than Trump’s book –   his life could have been saved.  He could have realized that there’s still honor in honesty even if he thought it was the end of the road.

I could go on and on with the could haves.   Reyes’ last act, however, could now help  people realize that corruption eats the mind, heart, and soul.  It’s better to sleep peacefully at night on a hard bed, than on a bed of roses  filled  with guilty thorns.

Rest In Peace.